Basic facts about the UPR
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process, which involves a review of the human rights records of all 193 UN Member States once every four and a half years. It provides an opportunity for all States to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to overcome challenges to the enjoyment of human rights.
The UPR assesses the extent to which States respect their human rights obligations set out in: the UN Charter; the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; human rights instruments to which the State is party (human rights treaties ratified by the State concerned); voluntary pledges and commitments made by the State (e.g. national human rights policies and/or programmes implemented); and, applicable international humanitarian law.
The reviews take place during the sessions of the UPR Working Group, which meets three times a year. At each session 14 States are reviewed. The documents on which the reviews are based are:
- Information provided by the State under review, which can take the form of a “national report”;
- Information contained in the reports of independent human rights experts and groups, known as the Special Procedures, human rights treaty bodies, and other UN entities;
- Information from other stakeholders including national human rights institutions and non-governmental organizations.
Under the third point, the submissions made by community and civil society organizations are added as “other stakeholders” report. Information that we provide can be referred to by any of the States taking part in the interactive discussion during the review at the Working Group meeting. This largely depends on the level of advocacy and lobby done with the reviewing member states after the submission. 
 Basic facts about the UPR – https://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/BasicFacts.aspx